Directorate of Agricultural Extension
Agricultural extension service is one of the major under taking of the government to educate, disseminate information and support the livelihoods of the Nepalese farmers. Extension teaches farmers about improved technologies so that they can increase agricultural production and productivity, there by enhancing their living standard. The extension service supports the farming communities to empower them for making good decisions for their welfare.
Since 1950, the country has practiced several extension models and approaches, with support from donors or from the government’s own resources. The models or approaches adapted in Nepal are Conventional, T and V, Block Development, Tuki, Farming System Research, Farmer Group Approach, Contract out / Partnership of Extension Program, IPM (Farmers Field School) and others. Although all these approaches have some strengths and weakness, they have made significant contribution for transfer of technology to the farmers.
Initially, Agricultural Extension System in Nepal was used as synonymous to government or public services. The economic globalization, liberalization, privatization and advent of information and communication technologies have been brought tremendous changes in the field of agriculture development. The needs and interests of the farmers for recent knowledge and information of production technologies and production objectives are changing rapidly. Thus, farming is now closely linked with quality production, market competitiveness and sustainability rather than increasing production alone. As a result of the paradigm shift in agriculture, the role of government extension system has also changed. It is realized that the role of government should be shifted to the… + More